Hepatitis B is a liver-attacking viral infection that can trigger both acute and chronic disease. This disease is most commonly spread by exposure to infected bodily fluids. A vaccine can readily prevent it.
Symptoms vary and include eye yellowing, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Some individuals, especially kids, have no symptoms. Hepatic failure, cancer or scarring may happen in chronic instances.
Below are five ways to decrease your Hepatitis B Virus risk:
- Know any sex partner’s HBV status. Unless you are totally certain that your spouse is not infected with HBV or any other sexually transmitted infection, do not participate in unprotected sex.
- Use a fresh latex or polyurethane condom whenever you have sex unless you understand your partner’s health status. Remember that while condoms may decrease your risk of HBV contracting, they do not eliminate the danger.
- Do not use illicit medicines. If you are using illegal drugs, get assistance in stopping them. If you can’t stop, each time you inject illicit drugs, use a sterile needle. Never share needles with others.
- Be careful about piercing and tattooing your body. Search for a reputable store if you get a piercing or tattoo. Ask how to clean the machinery. Make sure staff use needles that are sterile. Search for another shop if you can’t get responses.
- Ask about the vaccine for hepatitis B before traveling. Ask your doctor about the hepatitis B vaccine in advance if you are traveling to a region where hepatitis B is prevalent. It is generally provided over a period of six months in a sequence of three injections.
The World Health Organization is calling on nations to take advantage of latest cost cuts in the diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis and to increase investment in disease elimination.
Ochemba Callistus Chinedu is currently pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in Medical Laboratory science and hopes to become a Medical Lab Scientist. He enjoys reading, writing, traveling, general health, and learning new things.